How do I cite a long quotation (40+ words)?
It is occasionally necessary to include long quotations in your work—for example, an important definition of a concept or theory. If the quotation is longer than 40 words, it is known as a 'block quotation' and has a few specific formatting requirements:
For more information, see the Publication Manual, section 8.27, pp. 272–273.
How do I cite multiple different sources in the same parentheses?
If a sentence includes information paraphrased or quoted from several sources, you can include each source in a single set of parentheses at the end of the sentence. Arrange the sources alphabetically by author, and separate each one with a semicolon. For example:
How do I cite someone quoted in another author's work (a secondary citation)?
Occasionally, you may wish to quote or paraphrase information in a resource that has been attributed to another author (i.e., not the author of the resource you're reading). Ideally, you should find the original source and quote/paraphrase directly from that, providing a reference list entry for the original work.
For example, if you read a work by Andrews in which White is quoted, you should try to find White's work, quote or paraphrase from that, and include it in your reference list. If it's not possible to find or read White's work, however, you should acknowledge White as the original source, followed by Andrews as the secondary source. Use the phrase 'as cited in' to indicate one source has been cited in another.
See the Publication Manual (7th ed.), section 8.6, p. 258.
Can I use acronyms of corporate authors in in-text citations?
|Style||First citation||Subsequent citations|
|Narrative citation||According to the Ministry of Health (MOH, 2013)...||
The MOH (2013) states...
|Parenthetical citation||(Ministry of Health [MOH], 2013, p. 9)||
(MOH, 2013, p. 9)
Do I have to write the full name of the publisher?