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APA 6th Edition Referencing: American Abbreviations

This is a Wintec guide to help you with referencing in the American Psychological Association (APA) style.

Abbreviations

Publisher locations in the United States of America (USA)

When citing USA publisher locations in your reference listgive the city and state abbreviation (American Psychological Association, 2012, p. 187), followed by the name of the publisher.

Example
New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

State Abbreviation
Alabama AL
Alaska AK
Arkansas AR
American Samoa AS
Arizona AZ
California CA
Colorado CO
Connecticut CT
Canal Zone CZ
District of Columbia DC
Delaware DE
Florida FL
Georgia GA
Guam GU
Hawai'i HI
Iowa IA
Idaho ID
Illinois IL
Indiana IN
Kansas KS
Kentucky KY
Louisiana LA
Massachusetts MA
Maryland MD
Maine ME
Michigan MI
Minnesota MN
Missouri MO
Mississippi MS
Montana MT
North Carolina NC
North Dakota ND
Nebraska NE
New Hampshire NH
New Jersey NJ
New Mexico NM
Nevada NV
New York NY
Ohio OH
Oklahoma OK
Oregon OR
Pennsylvania PA
Puerto Rico PR
Rhode Island RI
South Carolina SC
South Dakota SD
Tennessee TN
Texas TX
Utah UT
Virginia VA
Virgin Islands VI
Vermont VT
Washington WA
Wisconsin WI
West Virginia WV
Wyoming WY

Publisher locations outside the USA

When citing publisher locations outside the USA in your reference list, give the city and the country (American Psychological Association, 2012, p. 187), followed by the name of the publisher

Example
Auckland, New Zealand: Oxford Press.
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