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APA 6th Edition Referencing: Databases / Online Resources

This is a Wintec guide to help you with referencing in the American Psychological Association (APA) style.

Best Practice Journal
Use this format for articles from the journal with no author:

Example—reference list entry 

Managing adults with asthma in primary care: The four-stage consultation. (2017). Best Practice Journal, ​(79), 3–7. Retrieved from

Example—in-text citation 

...("Managing Adults with Asthma", 2017, p. 4).

The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
The articles on this are numbered like those of an online journal, with 12 numbered issues every 12 months.  

Example—reference list entry

Singh, J., Kour, K., & Jayaram Mahesh, B. (2012). Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors for schizophrenia. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2012(1), 1–83.

Note: The year and volume are in this case the same. Each article has a DOI. 

Codes of practice, ethical codes, etc.
This is not legislation, but a professional standard or code of practice. It can be referenced in the same way as a website/PDF.

Example—reference list entry 

New Zealand Nurses Organisation. (2010). Code of ethics. Retrieved from

or if the source is in hard copy, e.g. a booklet (referenced the same way as a book):

Example—reference list entry 

New Zealand Nurses Organisation. (2010). Code of ethics. Wellington, New Zealand: Author.

District Health Board (DHB) resources
Forms, plans, etc., obtained from a DHB that can compromise client confidentiality need to remain anonymous. Therefore use an X in place of the DHB's name. of the DHB's name. 

Example—reference list entry 

X District Health Board. (2012). Patient admissions [Form]. New Zealand: Author.

Example—in-text citation 

... (X District Health Board, 2012).

Note: If you are referring to any other type of facility, you can use a similar format.  For example: X Facility.

Growing up in New Zealand report(s) 

Example—reference list entry
Morton, S. M. B., Grant, C. C., Berry, S. D., Walker, C. G., Corkin, M., Ly, K., ...  Fa’alili-Fidow, J. (2017). Growing up in New Zealand. Now we are four: Describing the preschool years. Retrieved from

Note: As with books with 8+ authors, list the first six authors followed by ellipsis (...), then the last author.

Example—in text citation
According to Morton, et al. (2017) ... (p. 4).
(Morton, et al., 2017, p. 4).


Health and Disability Commissioner (Code of Health and Disability Services Consumers' Rights) Regulations 1996​
Things to note: 

  • When referencing government legislation such as this, the title of the legislation is used in place of the author. (Although the legislation is hosted on the Health and Disability Commissioner website, HDC is not the author).
  • No part of the reference list entry is italicised.
  • The date is part of the title and is not preceded by a comma.

Example—reference list entry

Health and Disability Commissioner (Code of Health and Disability Services Consumers' Rights) Regulations 1996. Retrieved from

Use the full title in your first in-text citation, noting a shortened form in brackets. You may use the shortened form in subsequent citations. 

Example—in-text citation (first)
This assignment focuses on the Health and Disability Comissioner (Code of Health and Disability Services Consumers’ Rights) Regulations 1996 (HDC Code 1996), which outlines the ten basic rights that all patients are granted…


This assignment focuses on the ten rights every patient is granted (HDC Code of Health and Disability Services Consumers’ Rights 1996 [HDC Code 1996])…

Example—in-text citation (subsequent)
The HDC Code defines this as meaning a “holistic view of the needs of the consumer in order to achieve the best possible outcome in the circumstances” (HDC Code 1996).

If you have used information from resources your tutor has put on KuraCloud—including within PowerPoint presentations—you must reference the original source. If your tutor is the author of the information, reference your tutor and include the type of material in [square brackets]. Include the title of the KuraCloud page in the retrieval details

Author, A. (Date of publication). Title of material in italics [Moodle]. Retrieval information

Example—reference list entry 

Smith, A. (2017). ​Week 6: A model of nursing care [KuraCloud]. Retrieved from Wintec Introduction to Nursing HLBN511 KuraCloud website.

Example—in-text citation

…as Smith (2017) states ... 
 … (Smith, 2017).

​Note: These guidelines have been created with undergraduate assessment in mind, if you are doing postgraduate research or research that will be published, you may want to reconsider the use of these sources and/or consult the  APA guide.

Lippincott procedures 

Example—reference list entry

Eyedrop administration. (2019, June 15). Retrieved from Lippincott Procedures (New Zealand ed.) database.

Note: As these resources are revised regularly, include the month and day in your reference list entry. 

Example—in-text citation

As detailed in "Eyedrop administration" (2019) ...


... to avoid distractions ("Eyedrop administration", 201).


Example—reference list entry

Medsafe. (2013, May 25). Panadol extra with Optizorb formulation [Data sheet]. Retrieved from

Example—in-text citation
According to Medsafe (2013) ...
... (Medsafe, 2013)


Example—reference list entry 

Nursing Council of New Zealand. (2014, June). Newsletter. Retrieved from

Example—in-text citation

The Nursing Council of New Zealand (2014) notes ... (para. 3)

... (Nursing Council of New Zealand, 2014).

New Zealand Formulary 

Example—reference list entry
New Zealand Formulary. (2018, August 1). Infliximab [Database]. Retrieved from

Example—in-text citation
The New Zealand formulary (2018) lists the following contraindications... (para. 7)
... (New Zealand Formularly, 2018).

New Zealand Health Practitioners Disciplinary Tribunal case

Example—reference list entry

New Zealand Health Practitioners Disciplinary Tribunal. (n.d.). Nur05/12P. Retrieved from

Nursing Reference Center
The resources on this database include evidence-based practice sheets and quick lessons. They are a bit tricky, as they are not journal articles, but many do have authors, date and title. It is suggested that the entire date be included, where possible, as these are updated regularly. Examples of the evidence-based care sheets are as follows:

Example—reference list entry

Heering, H., & Komsky, J. (2016, May 20). Abdominal injuries: Blunt trauma [CINAHL quick lesson]. Retrieved from Nursing Reference Center Plus database.

Example—reference list entry

Schub, T., & Parks, J. (2017, June 23). Diabetes mellitus, type 1: Risk factors and prevention [Evidence-based care sheet]. Retrieved from Nursing Reference Center Plus database.

UpToDate database 

Example—reference list entry

Black, D. W. (2019). Antisocial personality disorder: Epidemiology, clinical manifestations, course and diagnosis. Retrieved from

Example—in-text citations
Black (2019) defines antisocial personality disorders as... (para. 2).
... is termed antisocial personality disorder (Black, 2019, para 2). 
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