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APA 6th Edition Referencing: Audio-Visual Media

This is a Wintec guide to help you with referencing in the American Psychological Association (APA) style.

APA Guide—Audio-Visual

The following example demonstrates how to reference a song on a CD, indicating the different sections needed to write a successful APA reference. 


Example—reference list entry 

Waters, R. (1973). Money [Recorded by Pink Floyd]. On The dark side of the moon [CD]. Hayes, England: Harvest.  

Example—in-text citation

Waters (1973) demonstrates…
or
(Waters, 1973).


What information do I need to create a reference for a audio-visual resource?

The following elements may be required to create a reference list entry for an audio-visual resource

Author Writer
Director
Producer
Youtube handle e.g. [markapsolon]
Publication year Year
or
No date (n.d.). 
Title Title of episode/song: Subtitle (not italicised)
Title of television series or album (italicised)
Name of band/artist in square brackets (e.g., [Fleetwood Mac])
Description of type of source (e.g., [CD])
Publication details Publishing location and publisher/studio

Note: you may have to research the resource thoroughly to gather all the information required for a full and accurate reference.

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