Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

APA 6th Edition Referencing: Audio-Visual Media

This is a Wintec guide to help you with referencing in the American Psychological Association (APA) style.

APA Guide—Audio-Visual

The following example demonstrates how to reference a song on a CD, indicating the different sections needed to write a successful APA reference. 

Example—reference list entry 

Waters, R. (1973). Money [Recorded by Pink Floyd]. On The dark side of the moon [CD]. Hayes, England: Harvest.  

Example—in-text citation

Waters (1973) demonstrates…
(Waters, 1973).

What information do I need to create a reference for a audio-visual resource?

The following elements may be required to create a reference list entry for an audio-visual resource

Author Writer
Youtube handle e.g. [markapsolon]
Publication year Year
No date (n.d.). 
Title Title of episode/song: Subtitle (not italicised)
Title of television series or album (italicised)
Name of band/artist in square brackets (e.g., [Fleetwood Mac])
Description of type of source (e.g., [CD])
Publication details Publishing location and publisher/studio

Note: you may have to research the resource thoroughly to gather all the information required for a full and accurate reference.

Contact Us

City Campus
(07) 834 8866
(07) 834 8800 ext 4452