Open access (OA) encompasses a set of principles and a diverse array of practices that facilitate the online dissemination of research outputs, without imposing any financial or restrictive access barriers. It goes beyond mere cost-free access by enabling the legal sharing and reuse of freely available outputs through the utilization of open licenses, typically in the form of Creative Commons Licenses.
The initial formulations of open access were initially introduced during the Budapest meeting in 2002, followed by the Berlin and Bethesda gatherings in 2003.
Open access to publications refers to the possibility to freely access research publications. These are divided into:
Note. From "Identifying predatory publishers" [video], by University of Manitoba Libraries, 2018, August 30. YouTube. (https://youtu.be/crDKooW_2kU). Copyright 2018 by University of Manitoba Libraries.
Note. From "How the Open Landscape shifted in Australia & Aotearoa New Zealand in 2022" [video], by Open Access Australasia, 2022, November 1. YouTube. (https://youtu.be/iNxJnHm0LrE). Copyright 2022 by Open Access Australasia.
Note. From "Indigenous voices, indigenous research and open access" [video], by Open Access Australasia, 2020, December 1. YouTube. (https://youtu.be/yx86y13At9k). Copyright 2020 by Open Access Australasia.