The Quality Evaluation assesses a wide range of research outputs, including but not limited to:
The key factors are:
|Research Output type||Description|
A major work of research or scholarship. The authors are credited for the entire work, which means authors are not attributed to each chapter, and the work would normally be published with an ISBN (in hard copy, bound; CD-ROM, packaged; and/or e-book format on subscription or fee basis). Consists mainly of previously unpublished material and makes a contribution to a defined area of knowledge.
|Chapter in Book||
A contribution to an edited book, consisting of substantially new material. The book should be of a scholarly nature and make a substantial contribution to a defined area of knowledge, and would normally have an ISBN and be available for sale. This contribution is complete in itself but is often linked thematically to the other chapters. It is written by a single author or multiple authors who share responsibility for the chapter.
|Conference Contribution – Other||
A contribution to a conference that has not been published as a paper or as a published abstract in separate proceedings. An item appearing here cannot also appear in the Conference Contribution – Published category.
|Conference Contribution – Published||
A conference paper or abstract published in a proceedings and available independently of the conference in which it was presented. Proceedings may be published in various formats, for example, a proceedings volume, a book, a special edition of a journal, a normal issue of a journal, USB flash drive or online via the conference website, an organisation’s website or a research repository. Although published in a journal or other media, the item is still categorised as a Conference Contribution – Published. Papers or abstracts in proceedings would normally undergo editorial selection to be included in the proceedings. An item appearing here cannot also appear in the Conference Contribution – Other category.
Outputs resulting from creative practice as research, includes the following subtypes.
Artefacts, Objects, Craftwork
Artefacts, objects or craftworks, exhibited, commissioned or otherwise presented or offered for distribution or sale in the public domain, for example, visual arts, craft and cultural creations. Specific examples are: illustration, sculpture, media installations, ceramics, jewellery, metalwork, whakairo, taonga, raranga, or cultural artefacts such as large permanent public sculptures. A collection of artworks displayed together can be entered as Exhibition/Curatorial Exercise.
A published/publicly available score, first performance or first recording by a record label (on CD or DVD) of a musical composition.
Includes (but not limited to):
A creative research/problem-solving output in the form of design drawings, books, models, exhibitions, websites, installations or built works.
This can include (but is not limited) to:
Dramatic and Literary Texts
A work of creative prose, poetry, dramatic text or a literary essay.
Includes (but not limited to):
A display of a researcher’s objects/artworks in a public place (museum, art gallery or other public place) or curatorial work undertaken by an academic to form an exhibition (including catalogues). The objects may have historical, cultural or scientific importance, or alternatively possess aesthetic qualities or extraordinary characteristics.
Research, creative or scholarly works in audio-visual form and likely to be first presented in a cinema, on television or online.
Includes (but not limited to):
A live or recorded performance (by, for example, an actor, musician, dancer, conductor).
Includes (but is not limited to):
|Discussion/Working Paper||A paper published, circulated or presented for discussion amongst peers (or that seeks public input on ways to address an issue). The paper may be commissioned by an organisation, published for consultation or produced as part of a working paper series to encourage suggested revision before publication.|
An edited volume is a published collection of chapters, conference papers, articles or essays by different authors, which have been compiled and/or edited by a single editor or multiple editors. The volume may include chapters, conference papers, articles, essays, introductions or commentaries by the editor(s).
Includes edited conference proceedings and editing of special issues of journals where the issue editor is not the regular editor. Would normally have an ISBN or ISSN.
Excludes regular editorial work as a member of an editorial board, which should be listed as a research contribution
Granted patents, copyrights, plant breeder’s rights, trademarks, or registered designs on specific products or processes. Patents can have been granted in New Zealand or another country and must have been granted for the first time during the assessment period. The principles for non-traditional research output types apply.
A substantial work of scholarship published in a scholarly journal that has an ISSN and would normally be peer-reviewed.
Note: Sometimes special editions of journals appear as stand-alone books. Contributions to special editions of journals may be counted as either book chapters or journal articles but not both. An item with a parent document that has an ISSN should be categorised as a journal article.
An oral research or scholarly presentation delivered at an event or venue that is not considered a conference. The event where presented must be arranged for the dissemination of academic research or discussion.
|Other Form of Assessable Output||
Outputs that meet the PBRF Definition of Research but do not fit into other categories. This category is only used if the output fits none of the others. Outputs must be underpinned by research and while they may be included in the list of potential outputs this does not mean that they will automatically meet the PBRF.
Definition of Research. Staff member’s categorising NROs under Other Form of Assessable Output must provide an explanation of the research component in the Description field and may want to explain why this was the most appropriate form for the research.
Includes, but not limited to:
A published document that has been commissioned, written by an individual or jointly by several authors and details the results of a research project. Alternatively, it may explore a technical/scientific research problem. The report may include recommendations and conclusions. The report details the results of research carried out for the external organisation or individual sponsor that funded or commissioned the research. The report may be confidential only to those authorised to have access or the commissioning sponsor. External organisations may include but are not limited to: charities, commercial companies, local or national governments, United Nations or non-governmental organisations; reports written for, on behalf of, or in partnership with, iwi and hapū.
|Scholarly Edition/Literary Translation||
An edition of another author’s original work/body of works informed by critical evaluation of the sources (such as, earlier manuscripts, texts, documents and letters) often with a scholarly introduction and explanatory notes or analysis on the text and/or original author. This edition may include a translation of the original text(s) as well as significant literature containing interpretations of the text and/or original author and their context.
Originally researched, created and published software (computer programs and their associated documentation, consisting of a set of instructions written by a programmer) or database products of commercial quality and offered for sale or distributed as shareware through a recognised publisher or distributor.
A doctoral thesis advancing an original idea through research and leading to the award of a PhD or equivalent qualification at a recognised New Zealand or international university.
A Master’s thesis of 90 points or above that advances an original idea through research and leading to the award of a Master’s or equivalent qualification at a recognised New Zealand or international university.
Other relevant professional qualification thesis.
Given the diverse nature of the subject areas covered, the Māori Knowledge and Development Panel expects to receive a broad range of research outputs. Full consideration will be given to the wide range of types of research output noted in the generic guidelines. In particular, the panel will be prepared to assess the following types of research output that may especially contribute to Māori knowledge and development, provided they are research-based:
• Presentations at hui or wananga
• Oral presentations including whaikorero and waiata
• Performance such as haka and waiata-a-ringa
• Reports for external bodies, including submissions to the Māori Land Court, the Waitangi Tribunal, or research for iwi runanga
• New artifacts including material cultural creations such as whakairo, raranga, whare
• Other types of research output, e.g. new kai products and processes.
If any research output is delivered in a specific Māori context (such as an artwork, whakairo or whaikorero), and is requested by the panel, it may be provided in an alternative form, such as a photograph, audio recording, audiovisual format, transcription, commentary, or attestations from kaumātua or peers. TEOs should note that all research outputs included in EPs must be consistent with the PBRF Definition of Research, as set out in the general Guidelines, and must be accompanied by evidence as to quality.
Funding weighting for subject areas Subject-area weightings are based on an EP’s primary subject area of research. The funding weightings for subject areas used in 2018 are shown in Table 2.1 below. Table 2.2 shows funding weightings for subject areas that will apply for the Quality Evaluation 2025.
Subject Area Weightings (2018 QE)
|Subject Areas||Funding Category||Weighting|
|Māori knowledge and development; law; history, history of art, classics and curatorial studies; English language and literature; foreign languages and linguistics; philosophy; religious studies and theology; political science, international relations, and public policy; human geography; sociology, social policy, social work, criminology, and gender studies; anthropology and archaeology; communications, journalism, and media studies; education; pure and applied mathematics; statistics; management, human resources, industrial relations, international business, and other business; accounting and finance; marketing and tourism; economics; and Pacific research.||A, I, J||1|
|Psychology; chemistry; physics; earth sciences; molecular, cellular, and whole organism biology; ecology, evolution, and behavior; computer science, information technology, information sciences; nursing; sport and exercise science; other health studies (including rehabilitation therapies); music, literary arts, and other arts; visual arts and crafts; theatre and dance, film and television and multimedia; and design.||B, L, V||2|
|Engineering and technology; agriculture and other applied biological sciences; architecture, design, planning, surveying; biomedical; clinical medicine; pharmacy; public health; veterinary studies and large animal science; and dentistry.||C, G, H, M, Q, N||2.5|
|Law; history, history of art, classics and curatorial studies; English language and literature; foreign languages and linguistics; philosophy; religious studies and theology; political science, international relations, and public policy; human geography; sociology, social policy, social work, criminology, and gender studies; anthropology and archaeology; communications, journalism, and media studies; education; pure and applied mathematics; statistics; management, human resources, industrial relations, international business, and other business; accounting and finance; marketing and tourism; and economics.||A, I, J||1|
|Psychology; chemistry; physics; earth sciences; molecular, cellular and whole organism biology; ecology, evolution and behaviour; computer science, information technology, information sciences; nursing; sport and exercise science; other health studies (including rehabilitation therapies); music, literary arts and other arts; visual arts and crafts; theatre and dance, film and television and multimedia; design;||B, L, V||2|
|Engineering and technology; agriculture and other applied biological sciences; architecture, design, planning, surveying; biomedical; clinical medicine; pharmacy; public health; veterinary studies and large animal science; dentistry; and Pacific research||A, C, G, H, M, Q, N||2.5|
|Māori knowledge and development||A||3|
New weightings will apply for the Quality Evaluation 2025
Additional funding weightings for Māori and Pacific staff members were agreed by the Government in 2021, and will be applied to the Quality Evaluation 2025 results as follows:
If a researcher qualifies as both a Māori staff member and a Pacific staff member, the higher weighting will apply. The TEC will provide advice on the reporting of ethnicity for this weighting in the Guidelines for the PBRF Quality Evaluation 2025.