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APA 7th Edition Referencing Guide

A Wintec Library guide to referencing in APA 7th edition style

Personal Communication

As personal communication is not recoverable or archived, it is not included in a reference list, but is acknowledged in-text. Personal communication might nclude private letters, tutor comments, your own class notes, interviews, telephone conversations, social media, etc. Use the initials and surname of the person with whom you corresponded and as exact a date as possible.


Examples

In-text citations

Narrative
K. W. Wiremu (personal communication, January 18, 2010) commented that...

Parenthetical
...(K.W. Wiremu, personal communication, January 18, 2010). 

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