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APA 7th Edition Referencing Guide1

A Wintec Library guide to referencing in APA 7th edition style

What information do I need to reference a journal article?

The following elements may be required to create a reference list entry for a journal article.

Element Detail
Author Author(s)
Date Year
No date (n.d.).
Month or season

Title of article: Subtitle (sentence case)
Title of Journal: Subtitle (Italic Title Case)

Volume &/or
issue numbers

Volume number in italics
(Issue number in brackets)
Page range of article

Source DOI

Proprietary databases

The information in some databases is proprietary, meaning it was created or is owned by the database provider and only accessible via that specific database. In these cases, you should include the name of the database in your reference list entry to help your reader locate the information you have used. 

Surname, A. (Date). Title of information source: Subtitle in sentence case. Name of Database in Italic Title CaseHomepage URL or DOI

Nguyen, D. H. (2021). Patient controlled analgesia: Acute care [Evidence summary].The Joanna Briggs Institute EBP Database


Reference list entry

Singh, J., Kour, K., & Jayaram Mahesh, B. (2012). Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors for schizophrenia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

In-text citations

Singh et al. (2017) describe...

... (Singh et al., 2017).


  • Write the name of the database in Italic Title Case.
  • If the source is a journal article or systematic review with a volume number and issue number, DOI, include these details in your reference as you would for a journal article reference.
  • If the article has a DOI or URL add this at the end of your reference instead of the database's homepage.


The following is a list of Wintec Library databases and other resources that contain proprietary information:

What is a DOI?

A Digital Object Identifier, or DOI, is a unique code/series of numbers used to identify an electronic resource and provide a reliable link to its location online. A DOI looks similar to a URL but unlike URLs, which can change or stop working entirely, a DOI is a permanent link to a particular resource.

DOI presentation

DOIs on Onesearch may look like this:

However, DOIs should only be presented as follows:

Do this for all DOIs, including ones that look like or DOI: 123.456.789.

If a resource is accompanied by a DOI, you should always include the DOI when referencing
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