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APA 7th Edition Referencing Guide1

A Wintec Library guide to referencing in APA 7th edition style

Copyright attribution for images, tables, and figures

If you reproduce or adapt an image, table, or figure from another source in work that will be formally published, presented, or publicly available, you need to include full copyright attribution in the note beneath the element, in addition to a full entry in your reference list.

You may also need to seek permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the image/table/figure, and include this information in the note field also, where applicable. You should assume that the content you want to reproduce is subject to copyright (unless explicitly stated otherwise) and seek permission accordingly.

However, if your work is for an assignment that will only ever be viewed by your tutor, supervisor, or classmates, ensure you reference your image/table/figure in line with the Wintec APA guidelines for undergraduate students.

For guidance on whether you need to seek permission, see the New Zealand Intellectual Property Office.

When images/tables/figures have been adapted, this should also be noted (see the last example on this page).


Quick links


Figure reproduced when permission is not required

The example below shows the correct method of copyright attribution for a figure/graph reproduced when permission to do so is not required

(Although it was not necessary, in this case, to seek the copyright holder's permission to reproduce the graph, copyright attribution is nonetheless provided (highlighted)). 

Note
The method of copyright attribution shown here can also be applied to images and tables.


Figure 3

Mean Regression Slopes in Experiment 1
 


Note. Mean regression slopes in Experiment 1 are shown for the stereo motion, binocularly viewed monocular motion combined, and monocularly viewed monocular motion conditions, plotted by rotation amount. Error bars represent standard errors. From "Large Continuous Perspective Change With Noncoplanar Points Enables Accurate Slant Perception," by X. M. Wang, M. Lind, and G. P. Bingham, 2018, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 44(10), p. 1513 (https://doi.org/10.1037/xhp0000553). Copyright 2018 by the American Psychological Association. 

Reference list entry
Wang, X. M., Lind, M., & Bingham, G. P. (2018). Large continuous perspective change with noncoplanar points enables accurate slant perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 44(10), 1508–1522. https://doi.org/10.1037/xhp0000553

Figure reproduced with permission

The example below shows the correct method of copyright attribution for a figure/graph reproduced when permission to do so is required and has been obtained from the copyright holder (highlighted). 

Note
The method of copyright attribution shown here can also be applied to images and tables.

For guidance on whether you need to seek permission, see the New Zealand Intellectual Property Office.


Figure 1

Microduplications Encompassing NF1 for Subjects With Oligonucleotide Microarray Analysis

 

Note. Six subjects had microduplications encompassing NF1. For all microarray plots, probs are arranged on the x-axis according to physical mapping positions [...] From "NF1 Microduplications: Identification of Seven Nonrelated Individuals Provides Further Characterization of the Phenotype," by K. J. Moles, G. C. Gowans, S. Gedela, D. Beversdorf, A. Yu., L. H. Seaver, R. A. Schultz, J. A. Rosenfeld, B. S. Torchia, and L. G Shaffer, 2012, Genetics in Medicine14(5), p. 509 (https://doi.org/10.1038/gim.2011.46). Copyright 2012 by the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics. Reprinted with permission.

Reference list entry
Moles, K. J., Gowans, G. C., Gedela, S., Beversdorf, D., Yu, A., Seaver, L. H., Schultz, R. A., Rosenfeld, J. A., Torchia, B. S., & Shaffer, L. G., (2012). NF1 microduplications: identification of seven nonrelated individuals provides further characterization of the phenotypeGenetics in Medicine, 14(5), 508–514. https://doi.org/10.1038/gim.2011.46

Reproducing an image in the public domain or creative commons

Images in the public domain are not subject to copyright, and therefore do not require copyright attribution or permission when reproducing. However, it should still be noted that the image is in the public domain. As the image has been adapted/modified from the original, this is also noted (highlighted below). 

Note
The method of copyright attribution shown here can also be applied to tables and other figures.


Figure 1 

Poverty Rate in the United States, 2017

Note. Adapted from OR From 2017 Poverty Rate in the United States, by U.S. Census Bureau, 2017 (https://www.census.gov/library/visualizations/2018/comm/acs-poverty-map.html). In the public domain OR CC BY-NC.

Reference list entry
United States Census Bureau. (2017). 2017 poverty rate in the United States
https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/visualizations/2018/comm/poverty-map.pdf

References

American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication Manual of the American Pyschological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000

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