How do I reference a journal or magazine article with a season instead of volume and issue numbers?
If a journal or magazine is published by season and does not include a volume or issue number, include the season with the date in parentheses. For example:
Reference list entry
Ratner-Rosenhagen, J. (2019, Spring). The end of the world as we know it? Dissent.
Ratner-Rosenhagen (2019) argues... (para. 4).
(Ratner-Rosenhagen, 2019, para. 4).
How do I reference a magazine, newspaper, or journal article published on nonconsecutive pages?
If a magazine, newspaper, or journal article is spread over a number of nonconsecutive pages, give all the relevant page numbers and separate with a comma. For example:
How do I reference a journal article supplement?
An article from a journal supplement is referenced in a similar way to a regular journal article. There are at least two different types of supplements.
1) A supplement to a particular issue of a journal. Add the abbreviation “Suppl.” after the issue number to indicate you are referencing the supplement to this issue. The relevant page numbers have S in front of them (for supplement).
Bill, C., & Ahn, J. (2015). Integrating emergency care with population health. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, 16(4.1, Suppl.), S14-S16.
2) A supplement to a volume of a journal not associated with a specific issue. In this case, simply put in the volume number and then “Suppl.” followed by the number of the supplement.
Rogers, J. W., Kinner, R. L., & Weis, V. (2013).The architecture of the gravitational lens. Astronomicity,16(Suppl. 2), 170-192.
How do I reference a Research Starter Database?
Reference list entry
Purdy, E. R., & Popan, E. M. (2020). Design thinking. In Salem Press encyclopedia.
According to Purdy and Popan (2020) ... (para. 2).
... (Purdy & Popan, 2020, para. 2).
Journal with an article number or an eLocator
If an online journal article has an article number or an eLocator, you must include it in your reference.
What does it look like?
An eLocator will be a set of numbers with an 'e' in front of it: e0205568
An article number will often be labelled as 'Article number' after the volume information.
The following is how you reference each:
Author, A. (Date). Title of journal article in sentence case: Subtitle in sentence case. Title of Journal in Italic Title Case, volume number(issue number), Article eLocator, page range of article. URL/DOI
Author, A. (Date). Title of journal article in sentence case: Subtitle in sentence case. Title of Journal in Italic Title Case, volume number(issue number), Article number, page range of article. URL/DOI