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APA 7th Edition Referencing Guide1

A Wintec Library guide to referencing in APA 7th edition style

Quick links


What is Creative Commons?

Creative Commons is a system of Copyright licencing that allows the legal use and reuse of media. When you see a Creative Commons license, it means that the copyright holder of that work has decided to share their work with you—and with everyone else.

There are six different Creative Commons licences and it is important that before you use a Creative Commons image, you know which licence it has. The licence will determine whether you can use it or not, depending on your purpose.

Note. Adapted from How to Attribute Creative Commons Photos [Image], by Foter, 2015, Foter Blog (https://foter.com/blog/how-to-attribute-creative-commons-photos/). CC BY-SA 3.0.


Accessing Creative Commons images

You can search through over 500 million Creative Commons images here.

Remember to check the licence, particularly if you want to modify the image.

Referencing a Creative Commons image for undergraduates

Images with Creative Commons licences require attribution. This means you must acknowledge the creator and the licence with which they've allowed you to use the image.

The reference is the same as a non-Creative Commons image, but the in-text citation is different.

Reference entry

Image creator. (Year, Month day). Title of image in italic sentence case / [Descriptive title in italic sentence case] [Format]. Name of Website. URL

williamcho. (2010, January 10). 'Castle Beach' - Singapore [Photograph]. 
Flickr. https://www.flickr.com/photos/84493444@N00/4268489129

Reference list entry

williamcho. (2010, January 10). 'Castle Beach' -Singapore [Photograph]. Flickr. 

         https://www.flickr.com/photos/84493444@N00/4268489129

In-text citations

Narrative
As shown in Figure 1 ... 

Parenthetical
... castle building (see Figure 1).


In-text citation

Licence attribution is used as well as an in-text citation underneath the image.

(Image creator, Year). Creative Commons license.

(williamcho, 2010). CC BY-SA 2.0


Example

Figure 1

'Castle Beach' - Singapore

(williamcho, 2010). CC BY-SA 2.0.


Referencing an image in the public domain for undergraduates

If the licence connected with the image is accompanied by a  or  symbol, it is in the public domain and is not copyrighted.

Public domain photos and images are free to use, but you must credit the creator. It is treated the same as any other image under a Creative Commons licence.

The reference is the same as a non-Creative Commons image, but the in-text citation is different.

Reference entry

Image creator. (Year, Month day). Title of image in italic sentence case/[Descriptive title in italic sentence case] [Format]. Name of Website. URL

doublefire1. (2014, December 7). Cat [Photograph]. Flickr. 

           https://www.flickr.com/photos/97668319@N03/35951425865

Reference list entry

doublefire1. (2014, December 7). Cat [Photograph]. Flickr. 

       https://www.flickr.com/photos/97668319@N03/35951425865

In-text citations

Narrative
As shown in Figure 1 ... 

Parenthetical
... feline behaviour (see Figure 1).


In-text citation

License attribution is used as well as an in-text citation underneath the image.

(Image creator, Year). Creative Commons license.

(Denali National Park and Preserve, 2013). CC BY 2.0


Example

Figure 1

Cat

(doublefire1, 2014). CC0 1.0.

 

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